to Avoid Downfall
How to Avoid Downfall is
based on the Parabhava Sutta. It
is a short teaching outlining the pitfalls to avoid in order for one to
make progress along the material, moral and spiritual paths.
One who is fond of
sleep and of excessive socializing.
He or she is apathetic, lazy, irritable and rude.
One who is
promiscuous, a drunkard, a gambler.
He or she squanders what is earned.
One who is past his
or her youth and is old, but takes a very young spouse, and is
continually suspicious and jealous.
Work becomes poor and business neglected.
One who gives
authority over his or her affairs to someone addicted to drinking and
One who is born into a
good family but is not well off, and yet has excessive ambition, greed
and lust for power.
One who is well-to-do
but does not support his or her aged parents who are past their prime.
One who is prosperous
with much property, jewellery and food, but does not share any of his or
her wealth with others.
One who is proud of
his or her birth, wealth and status, but despises his or her own
One who is not content
with his or her own spouse and is involved with prostitutes and the
partners of others.
One who loves the
Dhamma (or any other virtuous spiritual teachings) prospers, whereas the
person who is averse to it declines.
One who favours the
vicious and avoids the virtuous.
One who prefers
wickedness over goodness.
One who deceives
virtuous people and spiritual teachers with lies.
Each of the twelve
causes of downfall shuts a person off from the path of material and
spiritual progress, and will eventually lead to unhappiness and suffering.
All the causes of
downfall are also recipes for financial disaster.
A wealthy person who will not even support his or her own aged
parents is definitely a moral bankrupt.
And the person who shuns virtuous spiritual teachings will never
enjoy true and lasting peace and happiness.
But for those who are
aware of these dangers and lead their lives accordingly, the higher path
towards a richer, more gracious and noble life is open to them.
Causes of Downfall
Abound – Tormod Kinnes
Parabhava Sutta – Narada Thera
Parabhava Sutta – Piyadassi Thera
The Wholesome Property – Aggamahapandita Bhaddanta U Pannya Vamsa